Angst, J., Gamma, A., Benazzi, F., Ajdacic, V., Eich, D., Rossler, W. (2003). Diagnostic issues in bipolar disorder: European Neuropsychopharmacology Vol 13(Suppl2) Aug 2003, S43-S50. Angst, J., Gamma, A., Benazzi, F., Ajdacic, V., Eich, D., Rossler, W.John Gartner's The Hypomanic Edge ( Simon and Schuster ) contends that notable "Americans" including Christopher Columbus, Alexander Hamilton, Andrew Carnegie, Louis B Mayer, and Craig Venter (who mapped the human genome) owe their innovativeness and drive, as well as their eccentricities, to hypomanic temperaments.
(2005). Toward a clinical delineation of dysphoric hypomania - operational and conceptual dilemmas: Bipolar Disorders Vol 7(5) Oct 2005, 456-464. Akiskal, H. S., Hantouche, E.-G., Allilaire, J. F., Sechter, D., Bourgeois, M.Akdemir, A., Turkcapar, H., Orsel, S. (2004). Mania and hypomania with olanzapine use: European Psychiatry Vol 19(3) May 2004, 175-176. Akhtar, S. (1988). Hypomanic personality disorder: Integrative Psychiatry Vol 6(1) Mar 1988, 37-52.
Patients may be relatively unlikely to seek psychiatric treatment for hypomania alone. However, many hypomanic patients experience disrupted sleep patterns, irritability, racing thoughts, obsessional behavior, and poor judgment. Hypomania is also associated with impulsiveness, recklessness, excessive spending, risky sexual activity, and other out-of-character behaviors that the patients may regret following the conclusion of the mood.D., et al. (2005). The HCL-32: Towards a self-assessment tool for hypomanic symptoms in outpatients: Journal of Affective Disorders Vol 88(2) Oct 2005, 217-233. Angst, J., Angst, K., Baruffol, I., Meinherz-Surbeck, R.
Angst, J. (1992). Hypomania: Study of a cohort of young patients: L'Encephale Vol 18(1) Jan 1992, 23-29. Angst, J. (1998). The emerging epidemiology of hypomania and bipolar II disorder: Journal of Affective Disorders Vol 50(2-3) Sep 1998, 143-151.5 Possible benefits of hypomania Edit People with hypomania are generally perceived as being energetic, euphoric, overflowing with new ideas, and sometimes highly confident and charismatic, and unlike full-blown mania, they are sufficiently capable of coherent thought and action to participate in everyday activities.
Typical prescribed medications include mood stabilizers and atypical antipsychotics. Main article: Hypomania: History of the disorder. Main article: Hypomania:Theoretical approaches. Main article: Hypomania:Epidemiology. Main article: Hypomania:Risk factors. Main article: Hypomania:Etiology. Main article: Hypomania:Diagnosis evaluation.Therapeutic issues Modes of delivery Model translation project Personal experiences This article is an expansion of a section entitled Hypomania from within the main article: Bipolar disorder. Hypomania (literally, below mania ) is a mood state characterized by persistent and pervasive elated or irritable mood, and thoughts and behaviors that are consistent with such a.
Assessment Biopsychology Comparative Cognitive Developmental Language Individual differences. Personality Philosophy Social Methods Statistics Clinical Educational. Industrial Professional items World psychology Clinical: Approaches Group therapy. Techniques Types of problem Areas of specialism Taxonomies.Gartner suggests that the constructive behaviors associated with hypomania may contribute to bipolar disorder's evolutionary survival. Treating hypomania Edit It is unknown to what degree hypomanic symptoms can occur without a depressive component.
(2002). Quetiapine-associated and dose-related hypomania in a woman with schizophrenia: European Psychiatry Vol 17(5) Sep 2002, 292-293. Atmaca, M., Kuloglu, M., Tezcan, E., Unal, A. (2002). "The detergent is circulating in my blood.Andrade, C. (2004). Antidepressant-Withdrawal Mania: A Critical Review and Synthesis of the Literature: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry Vol 65(7) Jul 2004, 987-993. Angst, J. (1985). Switch from depression to mania: A record study over decades between 19: Psychopathology Vol 18(2-3) Mar-Jun 1985, 140-154.
Akiskal, H. S. (2005). Searching for behavioral indicators of bipolar II in patients presenting with major depressive episodes: The "red sign the "rule of three" and other biographic signs of temperamental extravagance, activation and hypomania: Journal of Affective Disorders Vol 84(2-3) Feb 2005, 279-290.(2007). Bipolar spectrum disorders in severely obese patients seeking surgical treatment: Journal of Affective Disorders Vol 101(1-3) Aug 2007, 131-138. Al-Dabbas, M. H. (2001). Premenstrual mania: Arab Journal of Psychiatry Vol 12(1) May 2001, 45-49.
(1992). ECT-induced and drug-induced hypomania: Convulsive Therapy Vol 8(3) Sep 1992, 179-185. Angst, J., Gamma, A. (2002). A new bipolar spectrum concept: A brief review: Bipolar Disorders Vol 4(Suppl1) Sep 2002, 11-14.In the hypomanic state, people may feel like they can't slow their mind down. Some examples would be speaking or writing in rhyme or alliteration, quick responses to people talking, the ability to improvise on the spot, hearing constant music in their head, or seeing images in their mind racing by.
2 Context in mood disorders Edit Bipolar disorder Edit Return to the main article: Bipolar disorder. Bipolar II disorder is characterized by at least one major depressive episode and at least one hypomanic episode that does not progress into psychotic mania.It is distinguished from mania by the absence of psychotic symptoms and by its lower degree of impact on functioning. Hypomania is a feature of some mood disorders, such as bipolar II disorder and cyclothymia.
Hypomania can signal the beginning of a more severe manic episode, or it often directly precedes a depressive episode. Virtually all clinical trials of medications for the non-depressive phases of bipolar illnesses involve treating patients for severe mania during the acute (initial) phase of mania.Akiskal, H. S., Benazzi, F. (2003). Family history validation of the bipolar nature of depressive mixed states: Journal of Affective Disorders Vol 73(1-2) Jan 2003, 113-122. Akiskal, H. S., Benazzi, F.
1 Hypomanic episodes Edit According to the DSM-IV-TR, a hypomanic episode includes, over the course of at least 4 days, three or four of the following symptoms, depending on whether the predominant mood state is elation or irritability: inflated self-esteem or grandiosity; decreased need for sleep; being more talkative than usual or feeling pressure to.E., Jr., et al. (2006). Lower Switch Rate in Depressed Patients With Bipolar II Than Bipolar I Disorder Treated Adjunctively With Second-Generation Antidepressants: American Journal of Psychiatry Vol 163(2) Feb 2006, 313-315.
Main article: Hypomania:Comorbidity. Main article: Hypomania:Treatment. Main article: Hypomania:Prognosis. Main article: Hypomania:Service user page. Main article: Hypomania:Carer page. References Edit Abe, T., Kato, S. (2000). Hypomanic switching caused by the psychological effects brought on by a change in environment due to hospital admission: Two cases of bipolar II patients who showed a hypomanic switch: Psychiatry.(2003). Toward a re-definition of subthreshold bipolarity: Epidemiology and proposed criteria for bipolar-II, minor bipolar disorders and hypomania: Journal of Affective Disorders Vol 73(1-2) Jan 2003, 133-146. Atmaca, M., Kuloglu, M., Buyukbayram, A., Tezcan, E.