Eutopic hormone one released from its usual site or from a neoplasm of that tissue. fibroblast growth hormone a peptide hormone secreted by the adenohypophysis that is a potent mitogen of vascular endothelial cells and a regulator of tissue vascularization.NCBI Bookshelf. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health. Nussey S, Whitehead S. Endocrinology: An Integrated Approach.
Thyroxine is the main hormone secreted into the bloodstream by the thyroid gland. It plays vital roles in digestion, heart and muscle function, brain development and.Hypothyroidism by Michael B. Schachter, MD, FACAM. Introduction One of the most under diagnosed and important conditions in the United States has been called the.
Somatotrophic hormone, somatotropic hormone growth h. thyroid hormones thyroxine, calcitonin, and triiodothyronine; in the singular, thyroxine and/or triiodothyronine. thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH thyrotropic hormone thyrotropin. hormone (hrmn) n. 1. A substance, usually a peptide or steroid, produced by one tissue and conveyed by the blood.The cause is unknown. Thyroid hormones are essential for physical and mental development so hypothyroidism during development or before birth and during childhood causes mental impairment and reduced physical growth. Hypothyroidism in adults causes a decreased metabolic rate. This
Thyroid homeostasis results from a multi-loop feedback system that is found in virtually all higher vertebrates. Proper function of thyrotropic feedback control is.For hormones not listed below, see specific names. G. hormn, pres. part. of horma, to rouse or set in motion hormone /hormone/ ( hormn ) a chemical substance produced in the body which has a specific regulatory effect on the activity of certain cells or a certain organ or organs.
Various hormones are formed by ductless glands, but molecules such as secretin, cholecystokinin/somatostatin, formed in the gastrointestinal tract, by definition are also hormones. The definition of hormone has been recently extended to chemical substances formed by cells and acting on neighboring cells (that is, paracrine function) or the same cells that produce them (that is.Progestational hormone 2. progestational agent. prolactin-inhibiting hormone a hormone released by the hypothalamus that inhibits the secretion of prolactin by the anterior pituitary gland. thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) a tripeptide hormone of the hypothalamus, which stimulates release of thyrotropin from the pituitary gland.
Inhibition of TRH secretion leads to shut-off of TSH secretion, which leads to shut-off of thyroid hormone secretion. As thyroid hormone levels decay below the.In humans, it also acts as a prolactin releasing factor. It is used in the diagnosis of mild hyperthyroidism and Graves disease, and in differentiating between primary, secondary, and tertiary hypothyroidism.
Ectopic hormones present serious problems for patients and add to the complexity of caring for those with certain kinds of neoplastic diseases. These hormones do not respond to the feedback mechanisms that regulate normal hormonal production; hence, surgery and destruction of the tumorous tissue by radiation and chemotherapy are the treatments of choice.Results in symptoms which include fatigue, intolerance of cold temperatures, low heart rate, weight gain, reduced appetite, poor memory, depression, stiffness of the muscles and infertility. Reviewed: January 2015).
Lactation hormone ( lactogenic hormone ) prolactin. local hormone a substance with hormone like properties that acts at an anatomically restricted site; most are rapidly degraded. Called also autacoid and autocoid.Triiodothyronine, also known as T 3, is a thyroid hormone. It affects almost every physiological process in the body, including growth and development, metabolism.
Parathyroid hormone (PTH) a polypeptide hormone secreted by the parathyroid glands that influences calcium and phosphorus metabolism and bone formation. placental h's hormones secreted by the placenta, including chorionic gonadotropin, and other substances having estrogenic, progestational, or adrenocorticoid activity.Thyroxine is the main hormone secreted into the bloodstream by the thyroid gland. It plays vital roles in digestion, heart and muscle function, brain development and maintenance of bones. Alternative names for thyroxine T4; tetraiodothyronine; thyroxin.
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) one of the gonadotropins of the anterior pituitary, which stimulates the growth and maturity of graafian follicles in the ovary, and stimulates spermatogenesis in the male. growth hormonereleasing hormone (GH-RH) a neuropeptide elaborated by the median eminence of the hypothalamus that binds to specific receptors on the somatotroph cells of the anterior.Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (Gn-RH) growth hormone (GH) any of several related hormones secreted by the adenohypophysis that directly influence protein, carbohydrate, and lipid metabolism and control the rate of skeletal and visceral growth; used pharmaceutically as somatrem and somatropin.
Ectopic h's those secreted by tumors of nonendocrine tissues but having the same physiologic effects as their normally produced counterparts. It is not known exactly how the synthesis and secretion of endocrine hormones from nonendocrine tissues occurs.Hormonal adrenocortical hormone 1. any of the corticosteroids elaborated by the adrenal cortex, the major ones being the glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids, and including some androgens, progesterone, and perhaps estrogens. adrenomedullary hormones substances secreted by the adrenal medulla, including epinephrine and norepinephrine.