Also, a general term for a mass of such tissue in a particular site in the body. Involvement of joint and cartilage in osteoarthritis. From ARHP Arthritis Teaching Slide Collection, American College of Rheumatology.
Ectopic thyroid migration of thyroid diverticulum tissue to aberrant sites occurs, e.g. thyroid tissue in the thymus. These cause no apparent abnormality. thyroid extract a pharmaceutical substance derived from thyroid glands, used in the treatment of hypothyroidism.
The responses of the cartilage and subchondral spongiosa of mandibular condyles were assessed by morphological and morphometric parameters. In addition, immunohistochemical localization of the GH receptor and insulin-like growth factor-I was determined by the streptavidin-biotin-peroxidase technique.
Thyroid diverticulum primordium of the thyroid gland; appears as an outgrowth of the foregut between the first two pharyngeal pouches. This tube of epithelial cells grows ventrally into mesenchyme; the tube becomes the thyroglossal duct, the tip divides into two lobes, the thyroid glands.
The pharmaceutical names for T4 and T3 are levothyroxine and liothyronine, respectively. Regulate basal metabolic rate. thyroid parafollicular cell thyroid radioiodine uptake used as a thyroid function test but superseded these days by estimates of T4 (thyroxine).
Accessory thyroid an additional thyroid located anywhere from the larynx to diaphragm, e.g. intrapericordial aorta; may be sufficient to supply the patient's need of thyroid hormone. Most common in dogs. thyroid cartilage the shield-shaped cartilage of the larynx.
Cricoid cartilage a ringlike cartilage forming the caudal part of the larynx. diarthrodial cartilage articular cartilage. distal phalangeal cartilage the ungual cartilages of the third phalanx in the horse lie mostly against the hoof wall but can be palpated if ossified.
Collagen fibrils and fibers provide resistance to tensile loading and sustain the organization of the cartilaginous stroma 2, 6. The organization, composition and concentration of the main ECM components are intimately related to the biomechanical properties of the tissue 4, 7 - 9.
Cartilage canals tunnels containing blood vessels incorporated in developing cartilage. connecting cartilage that connecting the surfaces of an immovable joint. costal cartilage a bar of hyaline cartilage that attaches a rib to the sternum in the case of true ribs, or to the immediately cranial rib in the case of the anterior false ribs.
Interarytenoid cartilage an occasional cartilage located between the two arytenoid cartilages. nasal cartilage rostral end to the internasal septum, separating the nasal cavities and anchoring the other cartilages around the nostrils.